Happy Channukah!

Channukah

Happy Channukah!

Channukah begins tonight (in Israel it has just started) and we are about to light the candles of our Menorah.

A short history of Channukah, from Aish.com

The Hebrew word Chanukah means “dedication.” In the 2nd century BCE, during the time of the Second Holy Temple, the Syrian-Greek regime of Antiochus sought to pull Jews away from Judaism, with the hopes of assimilating them into Greek culture. Antiochus outlawed Jewish observance ― including circumcision, Shabbat, and Torah study ― under penalty of death. As well, many Jews ― called Hellenists ― began to assimilate into Greek culture, taking on Greek names and marrying non-Jews. This began to decay the foundation of Jewish life and practice.

When the Greeks challenged the Jews to sacrifice a pig to a Greek god, a few courageous Jews took to the hills of Judea in open revolt against this threat to Jewish life. Led by Matitiyahu, and later his son Judah the Maccabee, this small band of pious Jews led guerrilla warfare against the Syrian-Greek army.

Antiochus sent thousands of well-armed troops to crush the rebellion, but after three years the Maccabees beat incredible odds and miraculously succeeded in driving the foreigners from their land. The victory was on the scale of Israel defeating the combined super-powers of today.

Jewish fighters entered Jerusalem and found the Holy Temple in shambles and desecrated with idols. The Maccabees cleansed the Temple and re-dedicated it on the 25th of Kislev. When it came time to re-light the Menorah, they searched the entire Temple, but found only one jar of pure oil bearing the seal of the High Priest. The group of believers lit the Menorah anyway and were rewarded with a miracle: That small jar of oil burned for eight days, until a new supply of oil could be brought.

From then on, Jews have observed a holiday for eight days, in honor of this historic victory and the miracle of the oil. To publicize the Chanukah miracle, Jews add the special Hallel praises to the Shacharit service, and light a menorah during the eight nights of Chanukah.

There are several customs associated with Channukah, chief amongst them eating foods made with or fried in oil (to commemorate the miracle of the jar of oil) and playing with the dreidel, a little spinning top. According to tradition, under Greek rule it was forbidden to study Torah, so students would gather in secret. If they were discovered by the Greeks they would pull out dreidels and pretend to be gambling or playing games.

To help you celebrate, here’s a really cute video I found from the Yeshiva Boys Choir. I love their acting as well as their singing.

Chag sameach!

!חג אורים שמח

This entry was posted in Judaism and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Happy Channukah!

  1. Brian Goldfarb says:

    And we mustn’t forget that Chanukah is that rare thing: a Jewish festival that also celebrates a Jewish military victory. But then I would say that, as an old Maccabi hand! And even if the Rabbis would prefer us to remember only the miracle of the oil and not also the miracle of brilliant military tactics overcoming brute force and ignorance.

    • anneinpt says:

      The military victory is hinted at in the Al Hanissim prayer added in the Birkat Hamazon (Grace after Meals) and Amidah –
      נקמת את נקמתם, מסרת גיבורים ביד חלשים ורבים ביד מעטים
      “You avenged their revenge, You gave the strong into the hands of the weak and the many into the hands of the few”.

      And yet, despite their being no official mention of the military victory in our prayers, we all grew up learning and knowing about it – and being highly impressed! (And I went to very Orthodox Jewish schools).

  2. reality says:

    well we certainly celebrated last nite when we drank a lechaim with my parents who brought us a new bottle of liquer -it turns out to be Greek!! At least now we are now on trading terms with them!
    Happy Chanuka every one & to those who don’t celebrate Chanuka -Merry Christmas!

    • anneinpt says:

      LOL! I hope you are not writing while drunk! I’m sure that’s an offense somewhere in the world!

      But isn’t the irony great? At the time of Channukah Greece was The Enemy. Today they’re our new best friends. :-D

  3. Pingback: Happy Channukah! | Anne's Opinions

Add your comment here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s